Empirical Self


Empirical Self

The Empirical Self or Me.

Understanding the Self in this widest sense, we may begin by dividing the history of it into three parts, relating respectively to –

1. Its constituents;
2. The feelings and emotions they arouse, — Self-feelings;
3. The actions to which they prompt, — Self-seeking and Self-preservation.

1. The constituents of the Self may be divided into two classes, those which make up respectively –

(a) The material Self;
(b) The social Self;
(c) The spiritual Self; and
(d) The pure Ego.

The Principles of Psychology William James (1890) – CHAPTER X. The Consciousness of Self.